Power Shift Analysen
Bonn Power Shift Monitor 2019
Find out more about the power shifts and the most striking trends among the G20 states between 2015-2017.
Turkey: Stagnation on the Black Ranks
In an international comparison with the other G20 countries, Turkey is stagnating in 16th place with a Power Score of 0.99. Although the Republic was able to record a slightly positive relative development with a PSR of 0.06 from 2005 to 2015, corresponding to a slight plus of 0.4 percent in power, Mexico was able to overtake Turkey’s ranking position by 2015.
Republic of Korea – Losing for the First Time
Since the mid-2000s, the Republic of Korea has turned to a global agenda envisioned by President Lee Myung-bak. His Global Korea strategy laid the foundations for a more active role in international relations expressing its growing middle power status. In fact, the BPSM found that South Korea has the third strongest growth in international power on our list with a Power Shift Rate of +0.55.
Japan – Continuing Downward Trend
After the United States, Japan is the second biggest power loser in the period from 2005 to 2017. With a Power Shift Rate of -1.82, the Land of the Rising Sun is clearly performing worse than the third-last country France (PSR -0.99) but still definitely better than the biggest loser USA (PSR -4.29). Japan´s Power Score (PS) fell from 6.05 in 2005 to 4.28 in 2015 and as a result, Japan fell from 3rd to 5th place in the global ranking.
Indonesia: Continuing Power Expansion
Indonesia has already been one of the most successful rising powers in the G20 in our previous BPSM issue. As its latest numbers indicate, this power expansion has not yet come to an end. Among the G20 member states, Indonesia is only a minor power-house.
United Kingdom: The Negative Trend Continues
After the United Kingdom had already experienced power losses in the period from 2005 to 2015 with a Power Shift Rate (PSR) of -0.47, this development continued with a PSR of -0.41 for the following two years. London’s Power Score (PS) fell from 5.11 in 2015 to 4.70 in 2017.
Germany: A Successful Period
During the most recent period examined by the Bonn Power Shift Monitor, Germany achieved a surprising success: For the first time since the period of 2005 – 2007, Berlin receives a positive Power Shift Rate (0.12).
China – Decelerated Power Growth
China has continuously recorded power gains over the entire period from 2005 to 2017, but the Power Shift Rate (PSR) has slowly been declining since 2013. From 2015 to 2017, China’s Power Score has risen from 12.3 to 12.75, an increase of 0.45 percentage points, which means that its power growth has decelerated compared to the PSR of 0.95 in the period of 2013/15. This development reveals that China's catching-up to the United States has slowed down since 2013, although it continues to progress.