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By 2020, Japan controlled two chokepoints. Thus, the country was tied for 12th in this sector. Moreover, three new Japanese UNESCO World Heritage Sites were inscribed between 2016 and 2020: The Sacred Island of Okinoshima and Associated Sites in the Munakata Region in 2017, the Hidden Christian Sites in the Nagasaki Region in 2018 and the Mozu-Furuichi Konfungun and Ancient Tumulus Clusters in 2019. Japan was thus tied for third in terms of increase in Country Share in this category. At last, Japan, together with Italy, was the only country, which managed to increase the number of its universities in the QS top 200 by two (from 8 to 10).
On the whole, Japan’s global power is mainly constituted by the country’s top companies, total reserves and its GDP. While Japan gained global power share in the sectors Top Universities, UNESCO World Heritages, and Top Companies, it stagnated in terms of Chokepoints and lost in the other remaining dimensions.
Please cite as:
Center for Global Studies (CGS) (2022). “Bonn Power Shift Monitor: Japan: Continuing Loss of Power”, University of Bonn, Bonn.